glucose, electrolytes, calcium/phosphorus, uric acid, lactate and pyruvate, liver,
renal and thyroid
function tests ,
Prolactin levels (10 to 20 min after suspected seizure, diagnosis seizure vs. psychogenic nonepileptic seizure)
ANA, ENA, ANCA, RF, complement, ACE, anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies (Hashimoto disease), autoantibody panel (thyroid antimicrosomal, antiparietal), immunoglobulins
ceruloplasmin and copper, 24h urinary copper, slit lamp, liver biopsy (WD)
CBC, ESR, CRP, plasma fibrinogen
Coagulation profile (protein C and S, ATIII, Factor Leiden V, APLS, anticardiolipin)
Serum vitamin B12 and folic acid
Serum cortisol, PTH and osmolality.
Serology: HIV, HSV, adenovirus, CMV, Coxsackie, polio, echovirus, hepatitis (A,B,C), parvovirus B19, mycoplasma, toxoplasma, VDRL, cysticercosis
Blood and urine organic acids and carnitine
EEG (non-convulsive status epilepticus), VEP, EMG/NCVs
Brain MRI, MRA
Conventional angiogram (CNS vasculitis)
Besides routine analysis (chemistry, cell count, smear and stainings): lactate and pyruvate (mitochondrial disease), oligoclonal bands, IgG index, VDRL, viral (measles titer), fungal, PCR (T. Whippleii, JC virus, HSV, CMV, VZV), Ziehl staining, repeated cytology,
anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies (Hashimoto disease).
14-3-3 protein (CJD) (stable at room temperature and can be sent by regular mail)
Aminolevulinic acid, porphobilinogen, uroporphyrins, coproporphyrin
Antineural nuclear antibodies (ANNA-1(=Anti-Hu), ANNA-2 (=anti-Ri), ANNA-3, Purkinje cell cytoplasmic antibodies (PCCA-1 (=anti-Yo), PCCA-2, PCCA-Tr and mGluR1), plasma membrane cation channel antibodies (CV2/CRMP-5, Ma1, Ma2/Ta, amphiphysin, striational, voltage gated calcium channels (VGCC) and voltage gated potassium channels (VGKC), anti-NMDA-R (NR1 and NR2) antibodies.
Methylmalonic acid, VLCFA, arylsulphatase, homocysteine
Small bowel (Whipple disease)
Skin (SLE, vasculitis, CADASIL)
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